KünstlerHAUS MeisterHAUS MeisterBAU
June, 30th - Oktober, 20th 2019
On the occasion of the 100th anniversary of the Bauhaus, the Institut Mathildenhöhe is showing the exhibition KünstlerHAUS - MeisterHAUS - MeisterBAU in the Museum Künstlerkolonie. In a trio of groundbreaking exhibitions - before, during and after the two world wars - the importance of Mathildenhöhe for the development of architecture and design in the 20th century is illustrated by paintings, works of applied art, drawings, films, photographs, architectural models and plans presents.
The word KünstlerHAUS refers to the first exhibition at the Mathildenhöhe in 1901, which is the world's first permanent international building exhibition. Here, the residential buildings that Joseph Maria Olbrich and Peter Behrens had built were open as part of the exhibition, and all interiors were fully furnished by members of the artists' colony in close collaboration with regional and national firms. The Mathildenhöhe as a place of living, working and exhibition culture with integrated teaching studios was influenced by the modern ideas of Olbrich, who already in 1900 - long before Le Corbusier's term "living machine" - had called a building a "machine" and its "outward form "From the" needs inside "conditionally saw. It is not surprising that Olbrich was one of the founding members of the Deutscher Werkbund in 1907, together with Behrens and the artist colony member Jakob Julius Scharvogel, a pioneering institution for improving the quality of Angewandte Kunst products.
The term MeisterHAUS refers to the subject area "Bauhaus" with a focus on the first exhibition of the school in 1923 in Weimar as well as on the 1925/26 ensemble of buildings of the master houses. Two Bauhaus directors were trained in the office of Peter Behrens, the founding member of Darmstadt's art colony: Walter Gropius and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe. The Werkbundsiedlung in Stuttgart (1927), conceived by the latter and realized with international architects, is presented in the exhibition as the culmination of the New Building with a concrete relationship to Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt.
The name MeisterBAU is finally used in the sculpture workshops to illustrate the time after 1945, when Darmstadt, which was destroyed by the war, remembered the artist colony on the Mathildenhöhe and with this inspiration created an identity as a modern architectural and design city with exemplary master buildings. Thus, this triad of architecture closes and clarifies the crucial question - "How do we want to live?" - that has not lost its topicality today.
The exhibition takes place at the Ernst Ludwig-Haus, today's Museum Künstlerkolonie, in which Werkbund member and organizer of the 2nd Darmstädter Gespräch, Otto Bartning, visited the first artist colony exhibition at the age of eighteen as well as - from 1951 to his Death - lived in the west wing. Especially in the person of the architect Bartning, who was described by Oskar Schlemmer as the actual "father of the Bauhaus idea", the bridge can be bridged from the first Mathildenhöhe exhibition to inspiring presentations at home and abroad. After Bartning's death, the Bauhaus Archive was founded in 1960 and set up in the Ernst Ludwig House the following year, before moving to Berlin in the 1970s.
The exhibition coincides with the application of Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt for recognition as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Since June 2014, the Mathildenhöhe Darmstadt is on the decision of the Conference of Ministers of Education on the German list of proposed UNESCO World Heritage. In the summer of 2020, the decision is made as to whether the Mathildenhöhe will be included in the World Heritage List.