Nature and idyll

November 26th 2021 - July 3rd 2022

 

Gemäldegalerie Dachau
Konrad-Adenauer-Straße 3, 85221 Dachau

 

Close to Frankfurt a.M. lies Kronberg, one of the most important German artists' colonies. The small town in the Taunus was visited by about 100 artists, including W. Trübner, H. Thoma and C. Morgenstern. The painter Anton Burger (1824-1905), who settled there after a trip to Paris in 1858, is considered the real founder of the artists' colony. Many of the subsequent painters came from Frankfurt. By moving their centre of life to the Taunus, they reacted to the increasing industrialisation and mechanised metropolitan culture. The inn "Zum Adler", which offered the artists board and lodging, also served as a meeting place. Many a legendary artists' festival was celebrated there. At the end of the 19th century, wealthy citizens of Frankfurt discovered Kronberg as a place of recreation and holiday. When the art-loving Victoria of Prussia, a real empress, settled here, the romantic seclusion was over. In 1888 she acquired the so-called Villa Schönbusch from a Frankfurt banker and had it converted into her widow's residence. From then on, the landscape painters were joined by a socially oriented group of artists who were in close contact with the empress. They turned primarily to portrait and history painting. With the triumph of Impressionism, the artists' colony gradually dissolved. After the death of Burger in 1905, the number of artists in the colony had already declined sharply, and the young generation of artists was unable to revive it. In 1948, its last official representatives, Fritz Wucherer and Emil Rumpf, died.

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