The animal has always played an important role in European art. There were mythical animals, such as the unicorn or the dragon, who fulfilled their special role in religion, fable or fairy tale. Even in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, individual animals were occupied with symbolic attributes of faith.
It was only in the 17th century that the Dutch painters began to deal with the more natural reproduction of animals and specialized in the representation of individual animal species. With the advent of open-air painting, the view of the animal changed in the 19th century. Like the landscape, animals should be reproduced as realistically as possible in their natural environment. At the art academies you could now study the subject of animal painting; there were also many private animal painting schools, such as that of Hans von Hayek in Dachau.
64 p. with numbers Fig., Dachau 2020